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Applied Sports Science Weekly Digest #277

What’s The Latest With Applied Sports Science?

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Optimal integration of kinematic and ball-flight information when perceiving the speed of a moving ball

In this study, we examined the degree to which kinematic and ball-flight information are integrated when estimating ball speed in baseball batting. Thirteen university level baseball batters performed a ball-speed evaluation task in a virtual environment where they were required to determine which of two comparison baseball pitches (i.e., a reference and comparison stimuli) they perceived to be faster. 

Front. Sports Act. Living | November 2022 Learn More ›

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Mental Performance and Sport: Caffeine and Co-consumed Bioactive Ingredients 

This narrative review explores the mechanisms of action and efficacy of caffeine and the potential for combinations of caffeine and other dietary compounds to exert psychological effects in excess of those expected following caffeine alone. 

Sports Medicine | November 2022 Learn More ›

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Mechanisms for Combined Hypoxic Conditioning and Divergent Exercise Modes to Regulate Inflammation, Body Composition, Appetite, and Blood Glucose Homeostasis in Overweight and Obese Adults

In this narrative review, the effects of such diverse exercise and hypoxic variables on the systematic and myocellular mechanisms, along with physiological responses, implicated in the development of obesity are analysized. These include markers of appetite regulation and inflammation, body conformational changes, and blood glucose regulation.

Sports Medicine| November 2022 Learn More ›

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Stepping up with GGIR: Validity of step cadence derived from wrist-worn research-grade accelerometers using the verisense step count algorithm 

The aim of this study was to compare step cadence derived from the original and revised Verisense Step Count Algorithm parameters to concurrent waist-worn ActiGraph determined step cadence across slow, steady, and brisk walking, and running. 

Journal of Sports Science | November 2022 Learn More ›

Newsletter History

Applied Sports Science Weekly Digest #277

What's The Latest With Applied Sports Science? Optimal integration of kinematic and ball-flight information when perceiving the speed of a moving ball In this study, we examined the degree to which kinematic and ball-flight information are integrated when estimating...

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Applied Sports Science Weekly Digest #276

Subjective Wellness, Muscular Health and Skeletal Health and More Evaluating the relationship between neurological function, neuromuscular fatigue, and subjective performance measures in professional rugby union players  When examining subjective or objective...

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Applied Sports Science Weekly Digest #275

Resistant Training, Core Strength effects on Athletic Ability, and More Effects of a 6 week core strengthening training on measures of physical and athletic performance in adolescent male sub-elite handball players  The objective was to investigate the effects of a...

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Research Articles

Suggested articles for further reading


Jackson, A and Pollock, M. Generalized equations for predicting body density of men. British Journal of Nutrition. 1978;40:497-504.  Abstract

Siri, W.  Body composition from fluid space and density.  Brozek & A. Hanschel (Eds.), Techniques for measuring body composition. 1961;223-244.  Abstract

Brozek, J, Grande, F, Anderson, J, and Keys, A. Densitometric analysis of body composition: Revision of some quantitative assumptions. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 1963;110:113-140.  Abstract


Chu, D., A. Faigenbaum, and J. Falkel. Progressive Polymetrics for Kids. Monterey, CA: Healthy Learning. 2006

Hewett, T. G. Myer, and K. Ford. Reducing knee and anterior cruciate ligament injuries among female athletes. J Knee Surg 18:82-88. 2005.

Micheli, L. Preventing injuries in sports: What the team physician needs to know. In: F.I.M.S. Team Physician Manual, 2nd ed., K. Chan, L. Micheli, A. Smith, C. Rolf, N. Bachl, W. Frontera, and T. Alenabi, eds. Hong Kong: CD Concept. 2006. pp. 555-572.


Pandolf, K, Billings, D, Drolet, L, Pimental, N, and Sawka, M. Differentiated ratings of perceived exertion and various physiological responses during prolonged upper and lower body exercise. European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology. 1984;53:5-11.  Abstract

Baden, D, McLean, T, Tucker, R, Noakes, T, and St Clair Gibson, A. Effect of anticipation during unknown or unexpected exercise duration on rating of perceived exertion, affect, and physiological function. J Sports Med. 2005;39:742-746.  Abstract


For a more thorough list about sleep, check out Fatigue Science’s extensive research page.

Russel, C., PhD, J.A., PhD, Arand, D., PhD, Myers, L.J., PhD, Wubbels, P., BS, and Downs, H., PhD. Validation of the Fatigue Science Readiband™ Actigraph and Associated Sleep/Wake Classification Algorithms. Archinoetics, LLC. Article

 Globe and Mail. The Globe and Mail, 31 Dec. 2014. Web. 13 Apr. 2015. Article

Mah CD; Mah KE; Kezirian EJ; Dement WC. The effects of sleep extension on the athletic performance of collegiate basketball players. SLEEP 2011;34(7):943-950. Abstract


Varley M, Fairweather I and Aughey R. Validity and reliability of GPS for measuring instantaneous velocity during acceleration, deceleration and constant motion. Journal of Sports Sciences. 2012;30(2):121-127.  Abstract

Boyd L, Ball K and Aughey R. Quantifying external load in Australian football matches and training using accelerometers. I J Sports Phys and Perf. 2013;8(1):44-51.  Abstract

Gabbett T. Quantifying the physical demands of collision sports; does microsensor technology measure what it claims to measure? J Strength and Conditioning Research. 2013;27(8):2319-2322.  Abstract


For a thorough list of publications about hydration, visit the Gatorade Sports Science Institute Publications page.

Osterberg, K, Horswill, C, and Baker, L. Pregame urine specific gravity and fluid intake by National Basketball Association players during competition. Journal of Athletic Training – J ATHL TRAINING. 2009 01-02;44(1):53-7. Abstract

Godek, S, Peduzzi, C, Burkholder, R, Condon, S, Dorshimer, G, and Bartolozzi, A. Sweat rates, sweat sodium concentrations, and sodium losses in 3 groups of professional football players. Journal of Athletic Training. 2010 Jul-Aug; 45(4): 364–371. Abstract


Hooper, S, Mackinnon, L. Monitoring overtraining in athletes: recommendations. Sports Med. 1995;20(5):321–327.

McLean, B, Coutts, A, Kelly, V, McGuigan, M, and Cormack, S. Neuromuscular, endocrine, and perceptual fatigue responses during different length between-match microcycles in professional rugby league players. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 2010;5:367-383.  Abstract


Holman, A and Ng, E. Heart rate variability predicts anti-tumor necrosis factor therapy response for inflammatory arthritis. Auton Neurosci. 2008;143:58-67.  Abstract

Fomin, R and Nasedkin, V. Effective management of athlete preparation: a comprehensive approach to monitoring of athlete’s individual readiness. White paper, Omegawave, ePub. 2013.  Download


Linthorne, N. Analysis of standing vertical jumps using a force platform. American Journal of Physics. 2001.  Abstract

Guillaume L, Wagner P, and Tombleson T. Countermovement jump height: gender and sport-specific differences in the force-time variables. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2013.  Abstract

ithlete. Guide to training with heart rate variability (HRV). HRV Fit Ltd. 2012.  Download